How to Improve Digestion: Complete Guide (Updated 2024)

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In this post, we reveal the best ways to improve your digestion and gut health according to ancient Ayurvedic medicine. Let's get started!

The Concept of "Digestive Fire"

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According to Ayurveda, agni is a source of life. ‘Agni’ is a Sanskrit word which refers to fire and connotes the Vedic fire god of Hinduism. According to Vedic culture, an ancient Indian culture, fire is important for the light and warmth it gives and also for its ability to cook food. Agni is also considered one of the five building blocks that form the universe. 

In the context of health, ‘agni’ refers to digestive fire, or the capacity of your body to effectively digest food. Ayurveda believes that agni is one of the most powerful tools needed for the proper functioning of your body.

In particular, Ayurveda believes that agni has an important role in balancing your health. Balanced agni can help you achieve a healthy, happy and long life, whereas impaired agni leads to diseases. Ayurveda creates awareness of our mind and body which can help us heal. When we understand the nature of  sacred fire and its importance in maintaining harmony with the universe, we can better understand the powerful healing force of digestive fire.

So what is agni? How do we know when our agni is balanced? Why is agni important? In this blog post, we will canvass the answers to these questions and also discuss the various types of agni and how you can achieve a balanced agni that can help you lead a healthy life.  

Agni: A Fire in Your Belly

woman's torso focus hands holding chest and pelvis

In Ayurveda, agni is the digestive fire within our bodies which determines the state of our health. Our agni is located within the lower stomach and small intestine which contains acids and enzymes.The concept of agni is closely related to the digestion of food, which simply refers to the ability of your body to metabolize nutrients and food into energy that sustains life.

Our agni is strong when we have healthy digestion. A healthy digestive system leads to well balanced agni, which in turn helps to support overall well being. 

Why Agni is Important 

According to Ayurveda, agni has a close connection with your physiological body type, also known as prakruti. Ayurveda posits that you are comprised of three  different kinds of doshas or energies, namely vata (air), pitta (fire) and kapha (water). Ayurveda further posits that your agni depends on your dosha type.

Everything you take in through your body, whether that be food and drink or the stimuli around you, including conversations, sights and other information, must be digested and processed. As we go through life, we are continually bombarded with external stimuli and other influences that we must deal with. To remain in balance, your body and mind must process each new thing that it receives.

When you consume food or drink, it engages the agni in your body. Accumulated toxins, undigested food and digestive system diseases can elevate the amount of digestive fire in your body, which can negatively affect your health. When you understand your agni and learn to balance it, you will experience healthy digestion, good circulation and a clear mind. To avoid or overcome diseases, you should learn to promote the healing power of agni.

Well-balanced agni will result in a healthy mind and body and provide a natural glow to your skin and a sparkle to your eyes. Healthy agni can also help resolve stomach and bowel problems in your body. You need to support and nurture your agni for optimal health.

Functions of Agni:

  • Supports digestion and absorption
  • Creates healthy digestive enzymes
  • Improves metabolism
  • Provides nutrition to the body’s tissues
  • Provides vitality and strength
  • Supports mental clarity and awareness
  • Results in health and longevity

Different Kinds of Agni Types and How to Determine your Agni

Ayurveda refers to four basic types of agni. As noted above, the specific nature of your agni corresponds to your specific type of dosha, whether that be vata, pitta or kapha. 

1. Vishama Agni 

This type of agni is related to vata dosha and represents an imbalance which typically manifests itself through the ‘wind of the body’, namely through indigestion, bloating and gas. This imbalance can either manifest itself in a slower and cooler digestive fire, or, alternatively, in a faster and more intense digestive fire. The vishama agni is irregular and keeps changing in nature.

Signs and Symptoms of Vishama Agni:

    • Irregular digestion
    • Variable appetite
    • Indigestion
    • Gas
    • Bloating
    • Constipation
    • Abdominal pain

      Vishama agni can also give rise to certain emotional problems like anxiety, restlessness and fear. Ama (i.e. toxins) formed by vishama agni can sometimes lead to a brownish-black coating on the back of the tongue.

      2. Tikshna Agni 

      Tikshna agni is related to pitta dosha. This agni type manifests itself in excessive heat and speed. This kind of agni arises when the hot, sharp and penetrating qualities which generally support agni are present in excess. This can cause hypermetabolism leading to overreaction. In such cases, nutrition quickly passes through the digestive tract without providing any nourishment to the body’s tissues.

      Signs and Symptoms of Tikshna Agni: 

      • Sharp, frequent appetite
      • Acidity
      • Indigestion
      • Heartburn
      • Hypoglycemia 
      • Dry mouth
      • Nausea 
      • Vomiting
      • Loose stools

      This agni type also affects skin and can cause rashes and acne. Emotionally, this agni type can also triggers anger, hate, irritability and aggressiveness. Ama (i.e. toxins) from tikshna agni can cause a yellowish or greenish coating on the central part of the tongue.

      3. Manda Agni 

      Manda agni is linked to kapha dosha, which is predominated by water and earth elements in the body which are slow and heavy. Excessive kapha suppresses the digestive fire, making it dull and unhealthy. This agni type manifests itself in slow metabolism, leading to excess weight and physical and mental heaviness. Manda agni generally takes longer to develop and also requires more time to recover from as well.

      Signs and Symptoms of Manda Agni: 

      • Slow metabolism 
      • Consistent weight gain and difficulty in losing weight
      • A feeling of heaviness and lethargy
      • Frequent allergies 
      • Frequent colds and coughs
      • Hypertension
      • Hyperglycemia and diabetes
      • Hypothyroid
      • Excess weight or obesity

      Emotionally, this agni type can cause boredom, sadness, depression and lethargy. This agni type can also cause the presence of ama (i.e. toxin), which is usually manifested by a white coating on the entire tongue. 

      4. Sama Agni or Balanced Agni

      When all three doshas are in harmony, you can achieve a complete balance of agni which is called ‘sama agni’. Sama agni results in perfectly balanced health, happiness and a calm, clear mind. Individuals with sama agni feel more vital and energetic after each meal. These individuals digest food easily and are not as easily affected by weather changes. With strong immunity, they also enjoy balanced digestion and absorption.

      With sama agni, there is optimal health and emotional equilibrium without any ama (i.e. toxins) on the tongue. Unfortunately, in this modern era it is rare to find individuals with sama agni. However, there is no need to be deterred if you suspect that you do not currently enjoy sama agni. Once you detect your imbalance, it becomes easy to correct. With proper guidance and discipline, you can heal and achieve a perfectly balanced agni.

      How to Balance Agni 

      You can strengthen and support your agni by following certain healthy practices. In particular, a proper focus on food and nourishment and an Ayurvedic diet can greater enhance the balance of your agni. Here are a few things you should do to support healthy agni and good digestion:

      Eat Right

      different types of fruits and vegetables placed on white square and black round plates

      Eat light and easy to digest food at regular intervals when needed to alleviate your natural hunger. Eating an appropriate quantity of food can help strengthen your agni. Let your digestive fire process one meal before having the next, and allow a 3 to 4 hour gap between meals. Remember, fruits take one hour to digest whereas grains take four to six hours. In addition, Ayurveda posits that healthy digestion can be supported by including six different kind of tastes in your food, such as sweet, sour, salty, bitter, pungent and astringent.

      Eating and ensuring mindful hydration is equally important for good nourishment and for strengthening your agni. Give full attention to your food and eat only when you are hungry. You should feel light, pleasant and satisfied after every meal, rather than bloated or tired.

      Avoid Food Choices that Can Inhibit Your Agni 

      Cold foods or beverages during meals can impair your agni. In addition, drinking a lot of water or other fluid during a meal or afterwards can also dilute your agni and ‘cool’ your digestive fire. Overeating or eating out of boredom and emotional upset can also negatively affect the nature of your agni. Foods like cheese, meat, mushrooms and excessive caffeine can also disrupt the balance of digestive fire.

      Ignite Your Agni Before Eating

      Here are a few simple ways you can help kindle your digestive fire in a manner that helps you more effectively process your food:

      • Take a short walk before eating.
      • Drink warm water first thing when you wake up in the morning. 
      • Drink a glass of water 20 - 30 minutes before meals. 

      These tips can help you purify and hydrate your tissues and awaken your digestive fire. By making these changes, you can greatly improve your digestion.

      Support Healthy Agni

      Meals tend to make you sluggish and sleepy, but taking a short walk after a meal is highly beneficial. In addition, once you have finished your short walk, lying on your left side for 10 to 15 minutes can help your body to digest. Doing so also rejuvenates and relaxes your body.

      Cleanse Your Ama

      You can cleanse your body of ama, or toxins, through the process of digestive cleaning. This process  helps to repair, rejuvenate and detox tissues of your body which can boost your agni. A digestive cleanse focused on the removal of ama can be done in the following ways:

      • Half or full-day water only diet.
      • Fruit or juice diet for a full day.
      • Kitchari diet (composed of basmati rice and mung dal) for a full day.

      Depending on your state of health, you can adopt one of the above-noted diets or consult an ayurvedic practitioner for guidance.

      Exercise Regularly

      Exercising regularly is the best way to protect your agni. Depending on your prakruti, or state of health, and your dosha type, Ayurveda recommends different types of exercise. It is believed that vata dosha requires gentle exercise, that pitta dosha requires moderate exercise and that kapha dosha requires rigorous exercise.

      Pranayama and Deep Breathing

      Deep breathing and relaxation can also help you ignite your agni. If you are willing to consider more specific kinds of deep breathing practices, then pranayama or yogic breathing can be of great help. There are different pranayama techniques for different doshas:

      • Nadi shodhana for imbalance in vata dosha.
      • Sheetali for imbalance in pitta dosha.
      • Bhastrika for imbalance in kapha dosha.

      Maintain an Appropriate Daily Routine

      In Ayurveda, there is a great significance and importance in maintaining a proper daily routine, including when it comes to diet. This practice reduces stress and creates a classical pattern, making you feel hungry naturally at regular intervals. Adopting a balanced routine will helps you maintain healthy agni.

      To begin your daily routine, start with having meals on time and going to bed and waking up at the same time each day. 

      Take Triphala

      Triphala refers to a traditional Ayurvedic formula made of three fruits used for balancing all three doshas. Triphala helps to cleanse and detoxify the digestive system. By rejuvenating the tissues, triphala supports healthy agni.

      Reduce Stress Through Meditation

      Stress has a great impact on your health. In particular, stress disturbs your digestive health. Meditation reduces your stress and helps you to positively process thoughts and emotions, thereby supporting a healthy mental state.

      Drink Copper Infused Water

      You can also support healthy digestion and enhance your agni by drinking water infused in a copper water bottle. In particular, water stored within a copper water bottle will become natural alkaline water which offers a variety of health benefits, including improved digestion, increased energy levels and enhanced mental clarity. 

      Optimize Your Agni with Certain Spices

      Spices carry immense health benefits due to their antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. Along with making your food more flavorful, certain spices can also help support the health of your agni and support the proper digestion of food.

      Spices that Can Optimize Your Agni Include the Following:

      Cumin - Helps to relieve digestive problems like bloating, stomach pain and gas. Cumin also supports better absorption of nutrients in your gastrointestinal tract. For best results, use whole cumin in your soups and stews and try sauteing it in a little in oil or ghee. Ground cumin powder can be added to your dish after cooking. Make sure that you do not burn cumin, as doing so may reduce its health effects. 

      Ginger - Helps digestion, boosts immunity and relieves stomach pain. Ginger also helps burn away toxins in your body, which in turn helps support better digestion and the formation and maintenance of healthy body tissues. In particular, use freshly chopped ginger in your vegetables for better digestion. 

      Turmeric - This spice is anti-inflammatory, anti-oxidizing and has great healing properties. Turmeric has an active ingredient called curcumin which is becoming increasingly popular. It is believed that curcumin can improve brain function and lowers the risk of brain diseases. In Ayurveda, the use of turmeric has many health benefits. To improve your digestive fire, use turmeric regularly in your cooking. 

      Fenugreek - Also known as methi seeds, fenugreek helps in digestion and aids in removing toxins from your body. It has a lubricant effect which flushes out toxins. Funugreek also offers a soothing effect to your stomach. Fenugreek contains natural digestive enzymes and is rich in fibre.

      Cardamom - With a strong aroma, cardamom helps the body digest food and is particularly effective after heavy meals. Cardamom helps to absorb nutrients and can lift your energy levels. Ayurveda recommends drinking warm milk with a pinch of cardamom to improve your digestion. It also provides a nice aromatic flavor when added to sweets and deserts.

      Clove - This aromatic spice is known for its antioxidant, antiseptic and analgesic properties. It prevents gas formation in your gastrointestinal tract. It is also known to help balance kapha dosha. Adding clove to your diet can improve your overall health. Clove can also be added to your herbal tea to improve digestion.

      Cinnamon - This popular spice helps in digestion and absorption of nutrients. Cinnamon has antibacterial properties which protect the digestive tract from infections. Sprinkling cinnamon powder in your meals can reduce heartburn and indigestion. It also carries warming properties which can help pacify stomach disorders. Use cinnamon in your herbal tea or in your diet as a digestive boost. 

      Black pepper - This popular and well-known spice enhances the release of digestive enzymes and eases digestion. It stimulates your appetite and helps to reduce bloating and constipation. In addition, when added to your food, black pepper enhances the bioavailability of nutrients, which means that nutrients present in your food become more accessible to and absorbable by your body.

      These spices can be used in any form in your meals, including in meals such as soups, smoothies, stews, salads and with vegetables. 


      Maintaining a balanced agni is essential for optimal health and longevity. A healthy agni not only governs the digestive process, but is also responsible for good mental and emotional health. To achieve balanced agni, make sure that you consume easily digested, freshly prepared food with mindfulness. When we honor our food and eat it with high consciousness, we develop a balanced mind, body and soul.

      About the Authors: This article was collaboratively written by our team of researchers and writers with the benefit of all available scientific studies and other relevant literature. Our team of researchers and writers include experienced health researchers including a qualified medical professional. Please note that information in this article is not intended or implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment.

      Did You Enjoy This Article?

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      Jan 26, 2021 • Posted by Copper H2O

      Hi Jaya, very glad that you liked it!

      Jan 26, 2021 • Posted by Jaya

      Very useful tips. Thanks

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